Sri Vari Suprabhatha Seva – An Insight

Contributed by: Tallakapaka CN Raju, Sannidhi Kainkaryam dar, Sri T.T Temple, Tirumala

Shri T.T Temple – Tirumala: Sri Vari Arjitha Sevas Description: Suprabhatha Seva: Tallakapaka CN Raju. Sri T.T, Tirumala.

Original sketch of Lord (1)

Nethra darshnam with Tulasi

Details of daily worship at Tirumala Temple:

The worship in Tirumala temple is done strictly according to the Vaikhanasa Agama. According to the Bhavisthyottara purana, Vaikhanasa Rishi is said to have admired the playful leelas of Lord Krishna in Dwapara Yuga and did Tapascharya to obtain darshan of Lord Krishna. The legend goes that Lord Krishna appeared before him and instructed him to worship the Lord as Srinivasa who manifested himself in a hill on Venkatachala and that one Rangadasa will help him to locate and worship the Lord. Vaikhanasa Rishi then proceeded to Tirumala and is said to have found the Lord with the help of Rangadasa and worshipped him. Thus Vaikhanasa Rishi, according to the legend, is the first person to worship the Lord at Tirumala. Hence in this temple, to this day, worship is conducted according to the Vaikhanasa agama. Having known about the leelas of the Lord let us go in detail about the different prayers offered to the Lord of Tirumala in a day.
The temple is virtually open throughout the day and in the night with only a gap of an hour or two in the night between the Ekantha seva and the early morning Suprabhatham.

Suprabhata Seva: (3am -3.30am)

Performers: Tallapaka Annamacharya Family + Hathiramji Mutt + Jiyengar Mutt + Vedaparayana dars + Sannidhi Tirumaliga Archaka’s + Sanndhi Golla + Devotees.

Early in the morning at a fixed time like 2:00 AM, the previous day itself ‘golla’ (cowherd : Remember in Srinivasa History who has beaten Lord and gave shapa to him. Now his family continues and they are the one who will have first darshan of Lord at Sanctum Sanctorium).will go to the residence of the archakas & collect them who have been allotted the duty in the sanctum sanctorum that day. The archaka would have by that time had his morning bath, completed his Nitya-karmanusthanas and wearing Urdva Pundras. He will then do pranama to the key of the sanctum & proceed to the temple holding the key on his head, accompanied by paricharaikas, temple paraphethedar and music. The ‘golla’ would be holding a fireband in his hand when the priest has reached the main entrance of the temple. The cowherd would go back and bring the HH Jiyyangar from Mutt or his representative- Ekangi to the temple. The Jiyyangar or Ekangi will come carrying on their head a box, which contains one key (duplicate) and seals etc.

Meantime, the temple administration representative would have come there with one key. The system is triplicate lock system with archaka,, Jiyyangar and temple authorities having one key each. The archaka will first symbolically place his key in the hand of the Dvarapalaka on the right of the Bangaru Vakili. The priest will do pranama to dvarapalakadevathaas near the Bangaru Vakili. Then he will take the key from the dvarapalaka and seal is broken and the doors of golden vakili will be opened uttering suitable mantras. Here the speciality of the Keys is : It is called Kunche Kola..and Archaka will open the inside lock from outside. this is being secret and will be revealed to only Anuvamsika Archaka’s. The Sannidhi ‘golla’, Annamacharya Family, the paricaraka, jeeyar & arhcaka will go in and the Bangaru Vakili doors will be closed from inside.
Bangaru Vakili is a telugu word which means ‘golden doorway’. Here the two doors are massive and covered with gold plate. One should not miss studying these two doors in detail as they depict religious facts. On one door all the ten avataras (incarnations) of the Lord are depicted. The other door depicts the dwadasanama devatas viz. Kesava, Narayana, Madhava. Meantime in the Mukhamantapa the devotees for the Suprabhata seva would have assembled. There will be priests outside who will start reciting suprabhatam, stotra, prapatti. Mangalasasana verses composed by Sri Pratiradibhayankaram Annan. While inside the Bangaru Vakili the antarala the golla with his fireband (torch) would have lighted all the lamps. The ekangi would have lighted the Brahmakhanda and sara lamps.
The next ritual is to remove Bhoga Srinivasa. Who acted as Sayanabera the previous night. When he was ceremonially put to sleep in a cot during Ekantaseva. He will be lifted from that cot and will be taken back to the sanctum to rest near the feet of the Dhruvabera on the left side. That place is known as Sthirasthana. The height of the icon gifted by Samarai, the Pallava Princess does not reach even the anklet of the Dhruvabera. But all worship in the sanctum is done to this idol. At this stage Annamacharya famly use to render wake-up songs (” Meluko Sringara raya”,” Vinnapaalu Vinavale Vinta vinthalu”, “Medini jivula gava meluko vayya”.. and so on),

The vaikhanasa practice is to establish a connection between the Dhruvabera and the Kantukabera through a sambandhakurca during worship. This sambandhakurca is a bunch of 32 blades of darbha (grass) tied by a knot in a rightward direction. The knot will be about 2 inches (angular) in length and will be in the middle thus having about 4 inches (angular) of darbha (grass) fire in the front. The front portion is set to represent Brahma, the knot Vishnu and rest Rudra. This sambandhakurca is placed in the space between the Dhruvabera and the kantukabera with the front portion of the kurca towards the kautkabera. The belief is that the sanctum is water, while dhruvabera is the earth below and the kautukabera is the flower that is nourished by the earth and water. The sambandhakurca is likened to the stalk of the flower, which is connecting link between earth and flower through water. After that Lord will be offered Naivedyam with Hathiramji Mutt Navaneetham(Butter) + Tamboola. So lord of seven hills first will have Navaneetam as Naivedyam. This clearly shows is he is Small child Krishna.

After restoring the kautukabera to Jivasthana, the sayana mantapa is cleared of the cot and other articles used for Ekantaseva the previous night. The doors are open and by that time the reciters outside would have completed the mangalasasana. In the sanctum, the jiyyangar will light the camphor on a plate and give it to archaka who performs Paccha Karpura Harati to the Mula Vigraha. The devotees are then allowed to pass through the Bangaru Vakili and go up to Kulasekharpadi for the Visvarupa / Suprabhata darshan.

The tradition in Tirumala is that Brahma conducts worship every night for the Lord at Tirumala. Actually every night before closing the doors if the Garbhagruha five gold cups of water with the spices specified for puja as per agamas, added to them along with other puja articles are left at the feet of the Lord so that Brahma may use them for the worship of Lord in the night (Brahmaradhana). The devotees who go for Visvarupadarsana get the Tirtha believed to have been used by Brahma & other Gods for the puja offered in the night. Another important feature is that only during Suprabhata-darshana is the devotee able to have a darshan of Lords sacred feet without any gold kavacha on the fact. It is removed during Ekantaseva when Bhoga Srinivasa is put to bed, a half piece (billa in telugu) (half a tablet-like) perfumed sandal paste is placed over his chest, and other piece is placed on the figure of Alamelmanga on the chest if the Mulavigraha, another piece is kept along with puja articles for Brahma to use during his nights worship to the Lord. In addition, another two piecec are placed on Lord’s feet after removing the gold kavacha. These pieces on Lord’s feet are placed there, after wiping off the Civet oil with which his feet are anointed before placing the gold kavacha on them. During the Suprabhata-darshan the devotees are given as prasada a bit from these two sandal paste tablets kept on Lord’s feet in the night and some will be given the small piece of perfumed cloth (Plokta Vastram) with which the Civet oil is wiped off the feet of the Lord, so that they may reverentially press the cloth on their forehead and eyes. The sandal paste is called Sripadachandana and the cloth is called Sripadavastra or Plokta Vastra.

Annamacharya’s Family, Tarigonda’s family, Jiyengar and Venda parayanadars are recipie of Brahma Tamboolam which is the Tambool offerred to Lord and Goddess during night.

Kowsalya supraja Rama poorva sandhya pravarthathe
Uthishta narasardoola karthavyam daivamahnikam

Meaning: Sri Rama! Kausalya’s endearing son! Wake up, dear;You have to do Your day-to-day duties; Do wake up please

Lakshminivasa niravadya gunaika sindo:
Samsarasagara samuththaranaika setho
Vedanta vedya nijavaibhava bhakta bhogya
Sree Venkatachalapathe! thava suprabhatham

Hope you have enjoyed Sri Vari Suprabhatha Seva

Srinivasa Paripoorna Anugrha Siddi Rastu!
Tallakpaka CN Raju.

(This is purely my personal experience – Kindly excuse me if there are any mistakes).

12 responses to this post.

  1. Posted by Kavya p on November 27, 2018 at 2:58 am

    First of all thank you very much, when I’m reading your article,,,,, I experienced that feel and strongly decided to go for darsanam


  2. I will share my experience. I had Suprabhata seva darshan on 26-Nov 2 AM
    Got this with online dip.

    We started joining the queue around 12:30 AM, and there were around 50 people already ahead of me. Two people are allowed for this and kids under 12 years are allowed as well.

    Queue line started moving for next stages like ticket verification, ID verification…etc from 1 :15 AM and we were briefly waiting in a compartment and finally reached main queue line (opposite image of Hathiram Bawaji playing with Lord).
    People run crazy and going with kids is always challenging to keep up who run fast.

    There we have realized that there is another line in parallel with us on to our left and heard some VIP suprabhatam (Not sure what and how)

    First VIP people are allowed and we have entered main temple premises and allowed to enter inside Bangaru vakili door directly. All VIPs were on opposite side (around 300 people) and we were at normal entrance (Near the pillar of Varaha swami).
    All the people were locked down inside the main temple premises opposite to Jaya Vijaya. It was very packed, and almost no space to even stand properly and kids will suffer here.
    People who ran first were able to get to the bars that are placed opposite to the God.

    We were there inside for at least 20 mins before some announcement to maintain silence.
    We have noticed that main temple was locked and some one (not sannidi golla I think, some achary) picked up and opened the door and curtains were pulled out. Soon several veda pandits came in and started singing Sri Venkateswara Suprabhatam.
    We have also carried a book and started reciting along with them, though there was hardly any space to open the book and read it.

    Through out there was a curtain always on and you can’t see anything.

    After completing suprabhatam, curtains were opened and people who ran fast and came close to the bars were able to see the God.

    First VIPs were let in the queue and it took 30 mins for them to slowly go and have a darshan and then we were released.

    We also had a good darshan.

    We heard bramha teertham will be given, but nothing as such.

    Similarly no navaneetha harathi, disappointed not to have seen that.

    Soon after we finished darshan, there were curtains pulled up again, probably for next seva?? (We went on Sunday, so I believe no Thomala, may be abhishekam)

    Overall below is my feedback

    Good points are
    1. Excellent darshan and no pushing around (Though people will ask you to move)
    2. Close darshan (Same as VIP break darshan)
    3. Gets a chance to spend around 1 hour near Jaya Vijaya and in main temple, great experience, you can in detail see the ceiling, pillars and all architecture, normally you never get a chance to peacefully see all this
    4. After coming out, can peacefully sit and meditate as not many people around and it is very calm

    Not so good points
    1. Heard that total 300 people are allowed, but definitely I think there are close to around 500-600 people.
    2. Not sure what is this VIP queue, from where they come, disappointed lot of people in queue to see so many people
    3. Too much cramping for space and pushing around near Jaya Vijaya when locked down, need to have less people or no need to lock down, so that we can some breathing space
    4. Disappointed not to have seen Navaneetha harathi (Nothing as such given) and also no bramha teertham as I learnt.

    So I conclude that this is very good and dont have too much expectations and go with an expectation to get Gods darshan from near, thats all.

    None the less, I am very happy to have Gods darshan and feeling blessed to have this seva done. Hare Srinivasa


  3. Posted by revathi on April 25, 2017 at 8:27 am

    how many distance we will see lord balaji at suprabatham seva


  4. Posted by M. Rakesh Reddy on December 24, 2016 at 8:57 pm

    Om namo venkatesaya
    Thanks and thank you very much sir for such a great and immense information…


  5. Posted by brahmam on August 27, 2015 at 6:53 am

    Thanks you Meera for the article.


  6. Posted by Lax man Sean bojja on May 31, 2013 at 3:28 am

    Thank you for the article. I have experienced real dharshan of lord Sri venkateshwara .


  7. Posted by laxmi on May 28, 2013 at 9:56 am

    Thank you for this beautiful post.I read this in the morning and I felt goosebumps on me and I felt I was there on TTD.I want to go there and experience the same feeling.Can some body post how to get that darshan?


  8. Thank you very much for this post sent by Smt.Meera. I got “Nathira Dharashan
    of lord Venkatajalapathy. I am happy to know the meaning of Suprapatham – Kowsalya superaja Rama”. I want to know the whole meaning of Suprapatham, could you please
    do that?
    Hope all will get blessings of Lord Venkateswara Perumal by visiting this post.

    Govinda Hara Govinda, Srinivasa Govinda.


  9. Posted by kum on May 27, 2013 at 1:51 am

    Great post!
    Thank you so much for sharing this with Lord Venkateshwara’s devotees.

    Blog : global vegan fare


  10. Thanks for letting all know how beautiful is this seve.


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