ಮರೆಯಬೇಡ ಮನವೇ ನೀನು – Mareyabeda Manave Ninu Lyrics

 

Aadhika Masa – Significance of 33 – A brief note

A few of you asked the significance of 33 in Aadhika Masa. It is nice that I didn’t have to research too much and found a great article by Sree Raghavendra mutt Mantralaya. Part of the article is copied here. All credit to the webadmin at Sree Raghavendra mutt Mantralaya. You can read the full article here:

http://www.raghavendramutt.org/stories/adika-masa-brief-note

In Hindu religion, each and every God is worshipped in a unique way and there is custom of finding God in each and every festival. All the 12months in the Hindu calendar has its own significance. “Adhika Masa” comes once in 3 years and it holds as a very special month. There are no festivals in this month but the daana(donations) and spiritual rituals done in this month are very sacred. Below is a small description about this month.

According to Vashishta philosophy Adhika Masa comes in 32 months, 16 days, 3 hrs, and 12 mins. The month of moon in which surya sankranti is not there, is known as Adhika masa. Sankranti is the time when sun moves from one zodiac to another. To say in a modern way, Adhika masa is a mixture of scientific and mathematical theorems.

The calculation of time on earth should be in respect with the season of 2 months (ruthu). Revolution of seasons occurs accordingly to the rotation of Earth. Hence the solar measurement of time is dependent on the counting of seasons. Since from ages even the moon is seen at different stages, even the lunar measurement of time is considered. Hence both solar measurement of time and lunar measurement of time are used. Solar measurement of time and lunar measurement is adjusted in accordance to the period or season of two months.

Earth takes 2422 days to complete one revolution. This time is calculated on the basis of solar measurement of time. Moon takes 27.3 days to revolve round the earth. This time is calculated on the basis of lunar measurement of time. That means, earth and moon together takes 27.3 days to go round the sun i.e they complete 1/12th of the sun. Moon takes 2.2 more days from one full moon to another full moon. There is a difference because of the change in the orbit of earth round the sun. Moon takes 29.531 days to revolve from one full moon to another full moon since earth revolves round the sun even when moon is revolving around it. Hence the lunar measurement of time is calculated as 29.531*12=354.372 days.

Solar measurement of time for one revolution = 365.2422

Lunar measurement of time (29.531*12) = 354.372

Difference between solar and lunar measurement of time = 10.8702 days

This difference counts to 32.6106 days for 3 yrs. To balance this difference Adhika masa comes in 3rd year. Which means every 33rd month is adhika masa. On this basis a custom of giving 33 danas came into force.

Adhika masa starts from the next day of full moon and lasts till amavasya in Karnataka, Andra Pradesh, Gujarat and Maharashtra. But in North India Adhika Masa starts from the first day of Vyshaka month and lasts till full moon of the month.

Adhika Masa: Sri Vedavyasa has composed 18puranas. Among these, the one which tells about the importance of adhika masa and 33 apoopadaana is “Bruhannaaradeeya Puraana Grantha”. Since it specifies the conversation between God Srihari and Narada, it is famous as “Bruhannaaradeeya Puraanaantargata Adhika Maasa Mahatme”. It’s been described in 21 chapters(1563 shlokas).

Adhika masa is also known as “Malimlucha Maasa”, “Asankraanta Maasa” and “Purushottama Maasa”. This month is known as Asankraanta Masa as sun stays in just one zodiac the whole month. In the Kaala Nirnaya epic it’s been described as:

Chaandramaasohya sankraanto malamaasa prakeertitaha iti malatwancha kaalaadhikyaat |

Taduktam gruhya parishishto-malamvadantikaalasya maasam kaalavidhodhikamiti ||

(Among the 12 months of Hindu calendar, Sun will be in one zodiac not just in adhika masa but also from chaitra masa to karthika masa and the last phalguna maasa. Hence these months are known as asankraanta maasa since sankraanti won’t be there in these months)

The two ekadashi’s which come in every month has its own individual mythological significance. (For e.g. the ekadashi which comes in shukla paksha of chaitra month is known as “kaamadaa ekadashi” and the one which comes in Krishna paksha of the same month is known as “varuthini ekadashi”.) The ekadashi which comes in shukla and Krishna paksha of adhika masa is known as padmini and paramaa ekadashi respectively. Adhika masa is also known as Purushotama masa since both the ekadashi’s of this month is in accordance with Radha and Purushothama.

33 Gods of Adhika Masa:

Ashta          –      (8) Vasu

Ekadasha      –   (11) Rudra

Dwadasha    –    (12) Aaditya

(1)   Prajaapati

(1)   Vashatkaara

Totally 33 Gods

ಮನವ ಶೋಧಿಸಬೇಕು ನಿಚ್ಚ – Manava ShOdhisabEku Nicca Lyrics

Lyrics by Shri. Purandaradasa devaranama rendered by vidushi Vani Satish in raaga Shubha pantuvarali. Sent by Ms. Bhavana Damle. Thanks, Bhavana and a warm welcome back to the blog!!!

ಮನವ ಶೋಧಿಸಬೇಕು ನಿಚ್ಚ
ದಿನದಿನ ಮಾಡುವ ಪಾಪ ಪುಣ್ಯದ ವೆಚ್ಚ ||
ಮನವ ಶೋಧಿಸಬೇಕು ನಿಚ್ಚ
ದಿನದಿನ ಮಾಡುವ ಪಾಪ ಪುಣ್ಯದ ವೆಚ್ಚ ||

ತನುವ ಖಂಡಿಸಿ ಒಮ್ಮೆ ಮಾಣೊ
ನಿನ್ನ ಮನವ ದಂಡಿಸಿ ಪರಮಾತ್ಮನ ಕಾಣೊ
ಕೊನೆಗೆ ನಿನ್ನೊಳಗೆ ನೀ ಜಾಣೊ
ಮುಕ್ತಿ ನಿನಗೆ ಬೇರಿಲ್ಲವೊ ಒಂದೇ ಗೇಣೊ || ೧||

ಆತನ ಭಕುತರಿಗೆ ಕೇಡಿಲ್ಲ
ಅವ ಪಾತಕ ಪತಿತ ಸಂಗವ ಮಾಳ್ವನಲ್ಲ
ನೀತಿವಂತರು ಕೇಳಿರೆಲ್ಲ
ನಮಗಾತನೆ ಗತಿ ಈವ ಪುರಂದರ ವಿಠಲ ||೨||

manava shOdhisabEku nicca
dinadina mADuva pApa puNyada vecca ||

tanuva khaMDisi omme mANo
ninna manava daMDisi paramAtmana kANo
konege ninnoLage nI jANo
mukti ninage bErillavo oMdE gENo ||1||

Atana bhakutarige kEDilla
ava pAtaka patita saMgava mALpanalla
nItivaMtaru kELiralla
namagAtane gati Iva puraMdara viThala ||2||

https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=7SXTRiKTgnc

Aadhika Maasa & 33 Songs

Many of you have been asking me via email, texts and other medium about how to perform Aadhika Maasa when you are not in India and in a country where not many items listed are available.

I was talking to my Mom, and she had just returned from my Aunt Ms. Jayalakshmi’s house after performing a great function for Aadhika Masa. Mom said my Aunt had invited several women, and a music teacher and they all sang 33 devaranamas in the evening. They also distributed 33 bangles, 33 betel leaves and nuts, fruits and so on.

I thought this was a great idea to share with you all here on the blog. Even if you don’t have 33 bangles to share, 33 betel leaves and nuts to share, we all have access to 33 fruits and in this very blog access to several hundred devaranamas or lyrics.

So, look at all the lyrics posted on right hand side, decide on a date, sit with your family and friends in the evening and recite 33 of your favorite songs. Offer Lord 33 flowers like Jasmine, 33 nuts, 33 fruits and seek his blessings.

May all the good deed we do during this period, double and triple. May Lord Almighty shower double his blessings.

For your benefit the links are posted below:

Update :Adhika Vaishaka Masa (ಅಧಿಕ ವೈಶಾಖ ಮಾಸ) Daily Offerings List

I had posted this list in 2010. Thought it would help using this list to offer dhana during this month.

The following is a list of items which can be offered everyday during Adhika Vaishaka Masa ಅಧಿಕ ವೈಶಾಖ ಮಾಸ.

  • Paadya ಪಾಡ್ಯ – Haldi, Kumkum, Betel Leaves, Nuts (ಎಲೆ ಅಡಿಕೆ) and Coins
  • Bidige ಬಿದಿಗೆ – Haldi, Kumkum, Betel Leaves, Nuts (ಎಲೆ ಅಡಿಕೆ)
  • Tadige ತದಿಗೆ – Dry Coconut and Sugar (ಕೊಬ್ಬರಿ ಸಕ್ಕರೆ)
  • Chouthi ಚೌತಿ – Lemon, Sugar and Cardamom
  • Panchami ಪಂಚಮಿ – Rice, Betel Leaves, Nuts (ಎಲೆ ಅಡಿಕೆ)
  • Shashti – Yogurt ಮೊಸರು
  • Sapthami – Fruits ಹಣ್ಣು
  • Ashtami – Toor Dal ತೊಗರಿ ಬೇಳೆ
  • Navami – Cluster Beans ಗೋರಿಕಾಯಿ, ಚವಳೇ
  • Dashami – 2 blocks of Jaggery ಬೆಲ್ಲದ ೨ ಅಚ್ಚು
  • Dwadashi – Milk
  • Trayodashi – Wheat flour
  • Chatrudashi – Jasmine flowers ಮಲ್ಲಿಗೆ ಹೂ
  • Hunnime – Cucumber
  • Bhahula Padya – Ridge Gourd ಹೀರೇಕಾಯಿ
  • Bidige – Root veg,
  • Tadige – Blouse piece Betel Leaves, Nuts (ಎಲೆ ಅಡಿಕೆ)
  • Chauthi – Dalia Split ಹುರಿಗಡಲೆ
  • Panchami – Ground nuts
  • Shashti – Rava(sooji) Betel Leaves, Nuts (ಎಲೆ ಅಡಿಕೆ)
  • Sapthami – Tulasi with Sri Krishma Idol
  • Ashtami – Cotton
  • Navami – Gram flour
  • Dashami – Glass Bangles
  • Dwadashi – Moong dal
  • Thrayodashi – Avalakki
  • Chatrudashi – Ground nut oil
  • Amavasya – Channa dal
  • Shuddha Padya – Blouse piece Betel Leaves, Nuts (ಎಲೆ ಅಡಿಕೆ)

And here is a list sent to me today by Mr. Canchi Sir.

The following important item was found under Madhwa group of Facebook and I thought it will be useful for your website also.  We have circulated this to all our Bhajana mandali members in our mutt.

DAANA ITEMS FOR ADHIKA MAASA
 
         TITHI
             SHUKLA PAKSHA
          KRISHNA PAKSHA
PADYAMI
Arisina, Kumkuma
(Ridgegourd) Heerakai
DWITEEYA
Bangles, Mirror, Mangala padarthagalu
Geddegalu (aloo,genusu etc)
TRITEEYA
(Dry coconuts), Vanakobri, Sakkari
Blouse piece
CHAVITHI
Lemon, sugar, Elaichi
Roasted gram (Huri kadale)
PANCHAMI
Rice
Groundnut (senga)
SHASTI
Curd
Rawa (sooji)
SAPTAMI
Fruits (any)
Krishna Vigraha with Tulasi
ASHTAMI
Toor dal (Toware bele)
 
Haththi (cotton)
NAVAMI
Cluster beans (gorikai)
Besan (kadale hittu)
DASAMI
Achchu bella
Arisina,Kumkuma, Bangles, Kannadi
DWADASI
Milk
Hesaru bele (Moongdal)
TRAYODASI
Atta (Godi hittu)
Avalakki
CHATURDASI
Jasmine flowers
Til Oil
HUNNIMI/AMAVASYA
Cucumber (sowthekai)
Kadale bele (chanadal)
 

Adhika Maasa & Apoopa Daana

I have received several emails and comments asking to post about Adhika Maasa & Apoopa Daana. And coincidentally, Mr.Srimushnam K Nagarajan and Mr. Canchi Ravi have provided all the details as email or comments here at the blog.

As per details I received from there, here is the information. Thanks Sir.

Adikamasa andarae yanu ?
Adhika Masa is the thirteenth month in a Calender year followed by Lunar Calender,i.e., Chandramana reethya. It is not followed by those who are following Solar Calender, i.e., Sourmaana Reethya.
As per Chandramaana reethya, we have 354 days in a calendar year. But as per Sourmana reethya, (Solar Calender) we have 365 days. So, there is a difference of 11 days between Sourmana reethya and Chandramana reethya. So, these extra days difference of 11 days will be added, once in 33 months (32 months, 16 days , and 4 ghalige to be precise) , so that there is extra 29 or 30 days in that particular year. This concept of adding one extra month after every 33 months is known as Adhika Masa
Adhika Maasa is applicable for Chandramana followers only.
The lunar calendar is completely synchronizes with the solar calendar in a period of 60 years.
Mathematically, a Chandramana Varsha (Lunar calendar = 29.5305 X 12 = 354.366 days) has 354 days, while a Soura Varsha (Solar calendar = 365.2587 days) has 365 days, the difference being 11 days per year.
For one year (12 months) – 11 days
For second year (12 months) – 11 days
For 8 months ( 8 months) – 7 ½ days
For 16 days & 4 galige – ½ days
Duties during Adhika Maasa –
Maasa snaana – Throughout the month, we have to get up early during arunodayakala itself and do the snaana in rivers, and thirthas or atleast in wells. (Even when we are doing the snaana in a Pipeline water supplied by watersupply board, we have to do the chintana of Ganga sankalpa and do it).
Nakta Bhojana – We have to do the fasting till night and do the bhojana only in the night.
Ayachita Vrata – We must not ask anybody anything. We have be yadruchchaalaaba santrupta.
Dharana parana – One day upavaasa (DharaNa), next day (PaaraNa) – with this 15 days upavasa and 15 days bhojana.
Tambula Daana – During Adhikamasa, if we give tamboola daana to brahmana suvasiniyaru, our dourbhagya will be removed and we will get soubhagya.
Deepa daana – During this month we have to light “Akanda deepa” in the devara mane. We must ensure that the deepa never goes off throughout the day-night.
Apoopa daana – During this month, one has to give apoopadaana of 33 apoopa to brahmana daily. However, we can give more than 33 also, but not less than 33. If it is not possible to give apoopa daana on all the days, one can give it on any particular day. It must be accompanied by same number of Tamboola (Villedele), and dakshine. If we are doing on any single day – Shukla dwaadashi, pourNami, Krishna Dwadashi, amavasye, Krishna paksha astami, navami and chaturdashi is preferable.

Adhika maasada apoopa daana vidhi mattu sankalpa
Apoopadaana krama-33 apoopagalannu tayarisi ondu kanchina paatre yalli haaki bere paatre yalli tuppa vannu ittu hirnya sahitavaagi(chinna)daana maadabeku
Tryastrimshad apoopannam kaamsya paatre nidhayacha
Sagrutam sahirnyamcha brmhanaya nivedayeth
Hirnya (chinna)daana vannu shakti illadiruvaaga 33 naanya (coins) galannu daana maada bahudu jotege 33 viledele 33 adikegalannu kodabeku modalu devara edurinalli mandalavannu maadi adaramele belliya athava taamrada hittale ya paatre yannu ittu kelage kotta hesaru galannu helutta aa paatre yalli 33 apoopagalannu idabeku
Adikamaasadalli daana koduva modalu helabekada devata naamagalu
Asta vasugalu
Dhrona-vishnu
Dhruva- jishnu
Dosha – maha vishnu
Arka-hari
Agni krishna
Dyow adhokshja
Prana keshava
Vibhavasu madhava
Ekadasha rudraru
Bheema-rama
Raivata- achyuta
Oja -purushottama
Ajaikapath-govinda
Mahan-vamana
Bahuroopa sri shakti
Bhava – srikantaha
Vamadeva -vishwa sakshi
Ugra- narayana
Vrushakapi -madhuripu
Arhibudna-aniruddha
Dwadasha Adityaru
Vivaswan-trivikrama
Aryamana-vasudeva
Poosha-jagdyoni
Twastru-ananta
Savitru-shesha shaaye
Bhaga-sankarshana
Dhaatru-pradyumna
Parjanya-daityari
Varuna-vishwatomukha
Mitra-janardhana
Shakra-dharavaasa
Urukrama-damodara
Prajapati-aghamardhana
Vashatkaara – sripati
Heege 33 devategalu mattu antaryami galannu tilidu daanadi galannu maada beku
Apoopa daana sankalpa
Aachmya-prananaayamya Deshakaalow sankeertya-astavasu, ekadasha rudra, dwadasha Aditya Prajapati Vashatkaarakya tryastrimshat devatantargata sri bharati ramana mukya prantargata sri vishnavaadi trayastrimshan naamadhari Mala maasa devataabinna sri putushottama phteranaya sri purushottama preetyartam Prutvi daana samaphalam tryastrimshat apoopa daanamaham karishye endu heli mantrakshate neerannu bidabeku
Asmin bramhane purushottamam aavahaishye endu heli bramhana mele mantrakshate yannu haaka beku
Vishnu prartahana mantra
Chandramshu nirmalaapoopaha shaali godhuma nirmitaaha
Aaharah sarva devanaam Te me kurvantu mangalam
Vishnu roopi Sahasramshuhu sarva paapa vinashanaha
Apoopanna pradhanena mama paapam vyapohatu
Kurukshetramayam deshaha kaalaha sarva dwijo harihi
Prutivi samamidam daanam gruhana purushottamaha
Malaanaam cha vishudyartam paapa prashamanaya cha
Putra poutraabhivrudyartam tava daasyami bhaskaraha
Narayana jagad bheeja bhaskara prati roopakaha
Vrate naanena putramshcha sampadam chaapi vardhaya
Yasya hate gada chakre garudo yasya vahanaha
Shankhah karatale yasya same vishnuhu prasidatu
Kaala kaastadi roopena nimesha ghatikadina
Yo vanchayati bhutani tasmai kaalatmane namaha
Apoopa daana kaala dalli bhagavadroopa chintane
Vishnum jishnum mahaVishnum harim krishnam adhokshjam
Keshavam madhavam ramam achyutam purushotamam
Govindam vamanam srisham srikantham vishwasakshinanam
Narayanam madhuripum aniruddham trivikramam
Vasudevam jagadyonim anantam sheshashaayenam
Sankarshanam cha pradyumnam daityarim vishatomukam
Janardhanam dharavaasam damodhara maghardanam
Sripatim cha trayastrimshad uddishya prati namabhihi
Mantrai retaishcha yo dadyaat trayastrimshad apoopakam
Prapanoti vipulaam lakshmim putra poutradi santatim
Idam sopaskaram trayastrimsha dapoopam sadakshinakaam
satambulam sri Bharati ramana mukya prantargata sri purushottamasya preetim kaamayamaanaha tubyamaham sampradade namama namama endu heli bramhana rige apoopa daana vannu kottu namskara maadi ashirwada vannu padeya beku konege
yasyatsmrutyacha……..ee mantra vannu heli anena puroshottama pooja daana santarpanena Bhagavan Bharati ramana mukyaprantargata
Radha samets purushottama Priyataam preeto varadobhavatu
srikrishnarpanamastu

Other names for Adhika Masa –
“Mala Maasa”, – as Srihari will remove all our sins during this maasa.
As this month will be without sankranti, there is no importance of
Shubha kaarya like Marriage, Upanayana, Gruhapravesha, etc.
“malimlucha”, – When there is no sun in a particular month it
is termed as “Malimucha”. There are dwadashadityaru, viz.,
AruNa, Surya, bhaanu, tapana, indra, ravi, gabhasti, Aryama,
hiraNyarEtasa, divaakara, mitra, viShNu will be born in each
twelve months. There will be no sun during the thirteenth
month. Therefore the works of the Sun will be done by the
suryamandala itself.
maasEShu dvaadashaadityaa: tapaMtE hi yathaakramaM |
napuMsakEdhikE maasi maMDalaM tapasE rave ||
purushottama maasa” – as Purushottama is the maasa
niyamaka. Once Chaturmuka brahmadevaru kept the Saadhane done
through Vedokta acharane in one side of a scale and sadhane done
done during purushottama maasa. Then the scale weighed more in
purushottama sadhane side itself, which clearly explains the
importance of Adhika maasa

What is Adhika Masa?

Adhika Masa is the thirteenth month in a Calender year followed by Lunar Calender,i.e., Chandramana reethya. It is not followed by those who are following Solar Calender, i.e., Sourmaana Reethya.
As per Chandramaana reethya, we have 354 days in a calendar year. But as per Souramana reethya, (Solar Calender) we have 365 days. So, there is a difference of 11 days between Sourmana reethya and Chandramana reethya. So, these extra days difference of 11 days will be added, once in 33 months (32 months, 16 days , and 4 ghalige to be precise) , so that there is extra 29 or 30 days in that particular year. This concept of adding one extra month after every 33 months is known as Adhika Masa.
In states like Karnataka, Andhrapradesh, Gujarat, Maharashtra, etc, the adhika maasa begins on Shudda padya and ends on Amavasya day (New moon day). In North India, Adhika Masa begins on  Bahula Padya, and ends on Hunnime (Full moon day). Whereas in states like Assam, Bengal, Kerala, Tamilnadu, there is no adhika maasa for them, as they are following solar calendar.
Adhika Maasa is applicable for Chandramana followers only.
The lunar calendar is completely synchronizes with the solar calendar in a period of 60 years.
Mathematically speaking a Chandramana Varsha (Lunar calendar = 29.5305 X 12 = 354.366 days) has 354 days, while a Soura Varsha (Solar calendar = 365.2587 days) has 365 days, the difference being 11 days per year.
For one year (12 months)        – 11 days
For second year (12 months) – 11 days
For 8 months ( 8 months)        – 7 ½ days
For 16 days & 4 galige             –     ½ days –
——————————————————
Total 33 months                      –     30 days
————————————————
“dvaatrimshadbhi: gatai: maasai: dinai: ShOdashabhistatha|
GaTikaanaaM chatuShkENa patatyadhikamaasaka: “ ||
द्वात्रिंशद्भि: गतै: मासै: दिनै: षोदशभिस्तथ।
घटिकानां चतुष्केण पतत्यधिकमासक: ।
ದ್ವಾತ್ರಿಂಶದ್ಭಿ: ಗತೈ: ಮಾಸೈ: ದಿನೈ: ಷೋದಶಭಿಸ್ತಥ|
ಘಟಿಕಾನಾಂ ಚತುಷ್ಕೇಣ ಪತತ್ಯಧಿಕಮಾಸಕ: |
Sankramana during Adhika Masa – During Adhika Masa, there will not be any sankramana. That is why it is said “asankraantamaasOdhimaasa:”.
Note : Normally Adhikamasa will be happening once in 33 months. Sometimes, it may happen in 29 months, 30 months, 31 months, and 35 months also due to the variations in Graha sanchara. That is why it is said in Mahabharatha that the Adhikamasa will be occurring twice in 5 years.
panchamE panchamE varshE dvaumaasaavadhimaasakau |
tEshaam kaalaatirEkENa grahaaNaamatichaarata: |
Further, Adhika maasa will happen when there are two Hunnime or two amaavaasye days during the two sankramanaas.
Mithuna sankramana starts from 16.6.2015 and ends on 17.7.2015, when the karkataka sankramana starts.
Adhika ashaada maasam starts on 17.6.2015 and ends on 15.7.2015
Purushottama maasa shrestatva – Sri Purushottama is the masa niyamaka for this adhika maasa. That is why it is called as “Purushottama Maasa”.
Other names for Adhika Masa
“Mala Maasa”, – as Srihari will remove all our sins during this maasa. As this month will be without sankranti, there is no importance of Shubha kaarya like Marriage, Upanayana, Gruhapravesha, etc.
“malimlucha”, –  When there is no sun in a particular month it is termed as “Malimucha”.   There are dwadashadityaru, viz., AruNa, Surya, bhaanu, tapana, indra, ravi, gabhasti, Aryama, hiraNyarEtasa, divaakara, mitra, viShNu will be born in each twelve months. There will be no sun during the thirteenth month. Therefore the works of the Sun will be done by the suryamandala itself.
ಮಾಸೇಷು ದ್ವಾದಶಾದಿತ್ಯಾ: ತಪಂತೇ ಹಿ ಯಥಾಕ್ರಮಂ |
ನಪುಂಸಕೇಧಿಕೇ ಮಾಸಿ ಮಂಡಲಂ ತಪಸೇ ರವೆ ||
मासेषु द्वादशादित्या: तपंते हि यथाक्रमं ।
नपुंसकेधिके मासि मंडलं तपसे रवॆ ॥
maasEShu dvaadashaadityaa: tapaMtE hi yathaakramaM |
napuMsakEdhikE maasi maMDalaM tapasE rave ||
“purushottama maasa – as Purushottama is the maasa niyamaka. Once Chaturmuka brahmadevaru kept the Saadhane done through Vedokta acharane in one side of a scale and sadhane done done during purushottama maasa. Then the scale weighed more in purushottama sadhane side itself, which clearly explains the importance of Adhika maasa
Duties during Adhika Maasa –
  1. Maasa snaana – Throughout the month, we have to get up early during arunodayakala itself and do the snaana in rivers, and thirthas or atleast in wells. (Even when we are doing the snaana in a Pipeline water supplied by watersupply board, we have to do the chintana of Ganga sankalpa and do it).
  2. Nakta Bhojana – We have to do the fasting till night and do the bhojana only in the night.
  3. Ayachita Vrata – We must not ask anybody anything. We have be yadruchchaalaaba santrupta.
  4. Dharana paarana – One day upavaasa (DharaNa), next day (PaaraNa) – with this 15 days upavasa and 15 days bhojana.
  5. Tambula Daana – During Adhikamasa, if we give tamboola daana to brahmana suvasiniyaru, our dourbhagya will be removed and we will get soubhagya.
  6. Deepa daana – During this month we have to light “Akanda deepa” in the devara mane. We must ensure that the deepa never goes off throughout the day-night.
  7. Apoopa daana – During this month, one has to give apoopadaana of 33 apoopa to brahmana daily. However, we can give more than 33 also, but not less than 33.   If it is not possible to give apoopa daana on all the days, one can give it on any particular day. It must be accompanied by same number of Tamboola (Villedele), and dakshine.   If we are doing on any single day – Shukla dwaadashi, pourNami, Krishna Dwadashi, amavasye, Krishna paksha astami, navami and chaturdashi is preferable.
Apoopa must be made up of Rice, jiggery, ghee.   By giving the apoopa daana, we will get the punya equal to pruthvi daana.
  1. Phala daana – Actually apoopa daana is the Best. But we can give daana of Fruits, like mangoes, bananas, etc. Each fruits must have be alongwith 33 tambola villedele, 33 dakshine, etc.
  2. Kamyakarma shiddha – During Adhka Maasa, Marriage, Upanayana, Gruhapravesha, choula, sanyasa sweekara, annaprashana, – must not be done as these are kaamyakarma. However Homa – Havana done with the intention of pleasing srihari, bhagavatpoojartham it can be done. If we have already started any kaamyakarma prior to adhika maasa, it can be continued, but new karmas not be started.
  3. Shraddhas – Samvatsarika shraddha if it is falling during a month of Adhika maasa, it has to be done in Nija maasa. Eg. Shraaddha falling during Vaishaka Maasa must be done in regular vaishaka maasa and not in Adhika Vaishaka Maasa.
  4. Shraaddhaas – monthly shraadhaas during Adhika Maasa – If one has died in a year and his monthly shraaddha to be done in Adhikamasa apart from regular monthly shraddha.
  5. Chaturmasya – If during Chaturmasya, Adhika maasa comes, then we have to observe Chaturmasya + Adhikamaasa.    If during Shaka vratha adhikamasa comes, Shaka Vratha must be done for two months.
  6. Mahalaya Maasa –   If during Bhadrapada Maasa adhika Maasa, comes, then Mahalaya Paksha to be done in both Adhika and nija Bhadrapada maasa.
33 devatas in apoopadaana
Sl No Devate antaryami roopa
Astavasugalu
1 DrONa VishNu
2. Dhruva Jishnu
3. Dosha MahavishNu
4. Arka Hari
5. Agni Krishna
6. Dyou Adhokshaja
7. PraaNa Keshava
8. Vibhavasu Madhava
Ekadasha Rudraru
9. Bheema Raama
10. Raivata Achyuta
11. Oja Purushottama
12 Ajaikapaat Govinda
13. Mahaan Vamana
14. Bahuroopa ShrIsha
15. Bhava ShrIkanTa
16. Vaamadeva Vishvasaakashi
17. Ugra NaarayaNa
18. VruShaakapi Madhuripu
Ahirbudhni Aniruddha
19. Dwadashadityaru
20. Vivaswaan Trivikrama
21. Aryamaa VaasudEva
22. Poosha JagadyOni
23. tvaShTru AnaMta
24. Savitru Sheshasaayi
25. Bhaga SankarshaNa
26. Dhaatru Pradyumna
27. Parjanya Daityaari
28. VaruNa VishvatOmukha
29. Mitra Janardhana
30. Shakra Dharaavaasa
31. Urukrama Daamodara
32. Prajapathi Agardhana
33. Vashatkara ShrIpati
Adhikamaasa katha –
Once Lakshmidevi asked Srihari as to how to perform the Adhika Maasa pooja and what are the daanaas to be during Adhikamasa.
Then Srihari told her that he himself is the God for the Adhika maasa with the name Purushottama. What ever punya kaarya lika snaana, japa, homaa will bring akshaya phala.   He also told that those who does not do any punya karya during Adhika Maasa will be getting daaridrya, putrashoka, etc
Those who could not do for the whole month can do it atleast on Krishna paksha Astami, navami, chaturdashi, Dwadashi, pournami, chaturdashi, etc.
Earlier there lived a brahmana by name Kaushika who was a jitendriya. He had a son by name maitreya who was addicted to drinking and was a kamaandha. One day Maitreya went to forest. He killed a brahmana in Sourashtra and snatched all the money with the Brahmin. Because he killed that brahmana, the whole City itself was burnt. As he got brahma hatya dosha, Maitreya was taken by Yamadootharu and was thrown in Krumeekunda. He was in the Hell for more than 10000 years.   After a long period, Kaushika, the father of Maitreya came to know about the same. Kaushika searched all the shruthi – shaastraas and found a remedy for brahmahatya parihara.
He did the Vratha named Adhikamasa Vratha and gave 33 apoopadaana and his son was saved from the Hell.
As such, Adhikamasa vratha, if done with proper anusandhana can remove brahma hatya dosha also

APOOPA DAANA SANKALPA

अपूप दान संकल्प –

आचमन, प्राणानायम्य – ………………………………..वासर, …..योग, …..करण, …….शुभतिथौ, संकीर्त्य अष्टवसु, एकादश रुद्र, द्वादशादित्य, प्रजापति, वौषट्काराख्य त्रयस्त्रिंशत् देवतांतर्गत श्री भारतीरमण मुख्य प्राणांतर्गत श्री विष्वादि त्रयस्त्रिंशन्नामधारि मलमास देवताभिन्न श्री पुरुषोत्तम प्रेरणया, श्री पुरुषोत्तम प्रीत्यर्थं पृथ्वीदान समफलं त्रयस्त्रिंशत् अपूपदानमहं करिष्ये ।

काम्य संकल्प – मम निखिल पापशमन पूर्वक पुत्रपौत्रादि धनदान्यादि क्षेमसमृद्धि लोकद्वय सुखहेतुभूत भूदान फलावाप्तै अपूपच्चिद्र समसंज्य वर्ष सहस्रावधि स्वलोक निवाससिद्द्यर्थं मलमासप्रयुक्तं अपूपदानमहं करिष्ये ।

तदंग पुरुशोत्तम पूजां करिष्ये.   अस्मिन् ब्राह्मणे पुरुषोत्तमं आवाहयिष्ये मंत्रेण मंत्राक्शतॆयिंद ब्राह्मणन मेलॆ हाकबेकु.

अपूपदान भगवद्रूप चिंतनॆ -विष्णुं जिष्णुं महाविष्णुं हरिं कृष्णं अधोक्षजं ।

केशवं माधवं रामं अच्युतं पुरुषोत्तमं ।गोविंदं वामनं श्रीशं श्रीकंठं विश्वसाक्षिणं ।

नारायणं मधुरिपुं अनिरुद्धं त्रिविक्रमं ।

वासुदेवं जगद्योनिं अनंतं शेषशायिनं ।संकर्षणं च प्रद्युम्नं दैत्यारिं विश्वतोमुखं ।

जनार्धनं धरावासं दामोदरमघार्दनं ।

पतिं च त्रयस्त्रिंशदुद्दिश्य प्रतिनामभि: ।

मंत्रैरेतेश्च यो दद्यात् त्रयस्त्रिंशदपूपकं

प्राप्नोति विफुलां लक्ष्मीपुत्र पौत्रादि संततिं ।

इदम् सोपपस्करं त्रयस्त्रिंशदपूपं सदक्षिणाकं, सतांबूलं, श्री भारतीरमण मुख्य प्राणांतर्गत श्री

पुरुषोत्तमस्य प्रीतिं कामयमान: तुभ्यमहं संप्रददे न मम, न मम – इति नमस्कुर्यात् ।अनेन त्रयस्त्रिंशदपूपदानेन श्री पुरुषोत्तम प्रीयतां प्रीतो वरदो भवतु । श्री कृष्णार्पणमस्तु ।

“Adhikamasa” Nitya pataneeya stotra

ಅಧಿಕಮಾಸದಲ್ಲಿ ಈ ಕೆಳಗಿನ ಶ್ಲೋಕವನ್ನು ಪ್ರತಿನಿತ್ಯ  “ನಾಹಂ ಕರ್ತಾ ಹರಿ: ಕರ್ತಾ”  ಎಂದು ಅನುಸಂಧಾನ ಮಾಡಿ ಶ್ರೀ ರಾಧಾಪತಿ ಶ್ರೀಪುರುಷೋತ್ತಮನಲ್ಲಿ  ಜ್ಞಾನ, ಭಕ್ತಿ, ವೈರಾಗ್ಯವನ್ನು ಬೇಡಿ ಪಠಿಸಬೇಕು. ಅಧಿಕಮಾಸದಲ್ಲಿ ಪ್ರತಿನಿತ್ಯ 33 ಬಾರಿ ಈ ಸ್ತೋತ್ರವನ್ನು ಹೇಳತಕ್ಕದ್ದು

ಗೋವರ್ಧನಧರಂ ವಂದೇ ಗೋಪಾಲಂ ಗೋಪರೂಪಿಣಂ |
ಗೋಕುಲೋತ್ಸವಮೀಶಾನಂ ಗೋವಿಂದಂ ಗೋಪಿಕಾಪ್ರಿಯಂ |

गोवर्धनधरं वंदे गोपालं गोपरूपिणं ।
गोकुलोत्सवमीशानं गोविंदं गोपिकाप्रियं ।

ಅಧಿಕಮಾಸದಲ್ಲಿ ಅಪೂಪದಾನ –

ಪ್ರತಿದಿನ ಅಥವಾ ದ್ವಾದಶಿ, ಹುಣ್ಣಿಮೆ ಮತ್ತಿನಿತರ ಶುಭದಿನಗಳಲ್ಲಿ ಬೆಲ್ಲ ತುಪ್ಪಗಳೊಂದಿಗೆ ಕೂಡಿದ ಮೂವತ್ಮೂರು ಅಪೂಪಗಳನ್ನು ಕಂಚಿನ ಪಾತ್ರೆಯಲ್ಲಿರಿಸಿ ಸುವರ್ಣಸಮೇತ (ಅಥವಾ ಯಥಾಶಕ್ತಿ ಸುವರ್ಣದ ಬದಲು ದಕ್ಷಿಣೆ) ಯೋಗ್ಯ ದಂಪತಿಗಳಿಗೆ ದಾನವನ್ನು ನೀಡಬೇಕು.

ಅಪೂಪದಲ್ಲಿರುವ ಛಿದ್ರಗಳ ಸಂಖ್ಯೆಯಷ್ಟು ದೀರ್ಘಕಾಲ ಸ್ವರ್ಗಲೋಕದಲ್ಲಿ ವಾಸಿಸುವ ಪುಣ್ಯವು ಲಭಿಸುತ್ತದೆ.

ಮೂವತ್ತಮೂರು ದೇವತೆಗಳನ್ನು ಉದ್ದೇಶಿಸಿ ಮಾಡುವ ಅಪೂಪದಾನವು ಪೃಥ್ವೀದಾನದ ಫಲವನ್ನು ತಂದುಕೊಡುತ್ತದೆ.  ಜೊತೆಗೆ ದೀಪದಾನ ಮಾಡತಕ್ಕದ್ದು

ಮೂವತ್ತಮೂರು ದೇವತೆಗಳು

ಅಷ್ಟವಸುಗಳು     –  ೮

ಏಕಾದಶ ರುದ್ರರು – ೧೧

ದ್ವಾದಶಾದಿತ್ಯರು – ೧೨

ಪ್ರಜಾಪತಿ         – ೧

ವಷಟ್ಕಾರ        – ೧

ಅಪೂಪ ದಾನ ಸಂಕಲ್ಪ –

ಆಚಮನ, ಪ್ರಾಣಾನಾಯಮ್ಯ – ………………………………..ವಾಸರ, …..ಯೋಗ, …..ಕರಣ, …….ಶುಭತಿಥೌ, ಸಂಕೀರ್ತ್ಯ ಅಷ್ಟವಸು, ಏಕಾದಶ ರುದ್ರ, ದ್ವಾದಶಾದಿತ್ಯ, ಪ್ರಜಾಪತಿ, ವೌಷಟ್ಕಾರಾಖ್ಯ ತ್ರಯಸ್ತ್ರಿಂಶತ್ ದೇವತಾಂತರ್ಗತ ಶ್ರೀ ಭಾರತೀರಮಣ ಮುಖ್ಯ ಪ್ರಾಣಾಂತರ್ಗತ ಶ್ರೀ ವಿಷ್ವಾದಿ ತ್ರಯಸ್ತ್ರಿಂಶನ್ನಾಮಧಾರಿ ಮಲಮಾಸ ದೇವತಾಭಿನ್ನ ಶ್ರೀ ಪುರುಷೋತ್ತಮ ಪ್ರೇರಣಯಾ, ಶ್ರೀ ಪುರುಷೋತ್ತಮ ಪ್ರೀತ್ಯರ್ಥಂ ಪೃಥ್ವೀದಾನ ಸಮಫಲಂ ತ್ರಯಸ್ತ್ರಿಂಶತ್ ಅಪೂಪದಾನಮಹಂ ಕರಿಷ್ಯೇ |

ಕಾಮ್ಯ ಸಂಕಲ್ಪ – ಮಮ ನಿಖಿಲ ಪಾಪಶಮನ ಪೂರ್ವಕ ಪುತ್ರಪೌತ್ರಾದಿ ಧನದಾನ್ಯಾದಿ ಕ್ಷೇಮಸಮೃದ್ಧಿ ಲೋಕದ್ವಯ ಸುಖಹೇತುಭೂತ ಭೂದಾನ ಫಲಾವಾಪ್ತೈ ಅಪೂಪಚ್ಚಿದ್ರ ಸಮಸಂಜ್ಯ ವರ್ಷ ಸಹಸ್ರಾವಧಿ ಸ್ವಲೋಕ ನಿವಾಸಸಿದ್ದ್ಯರ್ಥಂ ಮಲಮಾಸಪ್ರಯುಕ್ತಂ ಅಪೂಪದಾನಮಹಂ ಕರಿಷ್ಯೇ |

ತದಂಗ ಪುರುಶೋತ್ತಮ ಪೂಜಾಂ ಕರಿಷ್ಯೇ.   ಅಸ್ಮಿನ್ ಬ್ರಾಹ್ಮಣೇ ಪುರುಷೋತ್ತಮಂ ಆವಾಹಯಿಷ್ಯೇ ಮಂತ್ರೇಣ ಮಂತ್ರಾಕ್ಶತೆಯಿಂದ ಬ್ರಾಹ್ಮಣನ ಮೇಲೆ ಹಾಕಬೇಕು.

ಅಪೂಪದಾನ ಭಗವದ್ರೂಪ ಚಿಂತನೆ –

ವಿಷ್ಣುಂ ಜಿಷ್ಣುಂ ಮಹಾವಿಷ್ಣುಂ ಹರಿಂ ಕೃಷ್ಣಂ ಅಧೋಕ್ಷಜಂ |
ಕೇಶವಂ ಮಾಧವಂ ರಾಮಂ ಅಚ್ಯುತಂ ಪುರುಷೋತ್ತಮಂ |
ಗೋವಿಂದಂ ವಾಮನಂ ಶ್ರೀಶಂ ಶ್ರೀಕಂಠಂ ವಿಶ್ವಸಾಕ್ಷಿಣಂ |
ನಾರಾಯಣಂ ಮಧುರಿಪುಂ ಅನಿರುದ್ಧಂ ತ್ರಿವಿಕ್ರಮಂ |
ವಾಸುದೇವಂ ಜಗದ್ಯೋನಿಂ ಅನಂತಂ ಶೇಷಶಾಯಿನಂ |
ಸಂಕರ್ಷಣಂ ಚ ಪ್ರದ್ಯುಮ್ನಂ ದೈತ್ಯಾರಿಂ ವಿಶ್ವತೋಮುಖಂ |
ಜನಾರ್ಧನಂ ಧರಾವಾಸಂ ದಾಮೋದರಮಘಾರ್ದನಂ |
ಶ್ರೀಪತಿಂ ಚ ತ್ರಯಸ್ತ್ರಿಂಶದುದ್ದಿಶ್ಯ ಪ್ರತಿನಾಮಭಿ: |
ಮಂತ್ರೈರೇತೇಶ್ಚ ಯೋ ದದ್ಯಾತ್ ತ್ರಯಸ್ತ್ರಿಂಶದಪೂಪಕಂ
ಪ್ರಾಪ್ನೋತಿ ವಿಫುಲಾಂ ಲಕ್ಷ್ಮೀಪುತ್ರ ಪೌತ್ರಾದಿ ಸಂತತಿಂ |
ಇದಮ್ ಸೋಪಪಸ್ಕರಂ ತ್ರಯಸ್ತ್ರಿಂಶದಪೂಪಂ ಸದಕ್ಷಿಣಾಕಂ, ಸತಾಂಬೂಲಂ, ಶ್ರೀ ಭಾರತೀರಮಣ ಮುಖ್ಯ ಪ್ರಾಣಾಂತರ್ಗತ ಶ್ರೀ ಪುರುಷೋತ್ತಮಸ್ಯ ಪ್ರೀತಿಂ ಕಾಮಯಮಾನ: ತುಭ್ಯಮಹಂ ಸಂಪ್ರದದೇ ನ ಮಮ, ನ ಮಮ – ಇತಿ ನಮಸ್ಕುರ್ಯಾತ್ |

ಅನೇನ ತ್ರಯಸ್ತ್ರಿಂಶದಪೂಪದಾನೇನ ಶ್ರೀ ಪುರುಷೋತ್ತಮ ಪ್ರೀಯತಾಂ ಪ್ರೀತೋ ವರದೋ ಭವತು | ಶ್ರೀ ಕೃಷ್ಣಾರ್ಪಣಮಸ್ತು |

ಹರ ವೈಷ್ಣವೋತ್ತಮ,ವಾಯು ಜೀವೋತ್ತಮ, ಹರಿ ಸರ್ವೋತ್ತಮ
हर वैष्णवोत्तम, वायु जीवोत्तम, हरि सर्वोत्तम

http://www.sumadhwaseva.com/
Narahari Sumadhwa
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Posted by: Narahari Sumadhwa <naraharisumadhwa@yahoo.in>

Gruhini – ಗೃಹಿಣಿ Cook Book By Hemalatha Parashuram

Screen Shot 2015-06-16 at 8.50.27 AMMr.G P Sudhakar had  left a comment here at the blog asking my home address. To quote him, he wrote to me “Hello Madam
Am visiting my son in DC and want to send you a book by my 80 year old mother. It is called gruhini and has been published for 30 yrs…..you might want to review the book or use some recipes if you find them interesting. Kindly send me your postal address by mail so that I can send a copy of the book.
Your writing helps a lot of people!
All the best
Sudhakar”.

Mrs.Hemalatha Parashuram, is Mr.G P Sudhakar’s 80 year old mother. He sent me this book, and also a book on our beloved Rayaru.

The book can be purchased at the following publication in India:

Sahitya Bhandar

Bangalore

In America:

E-Mail: sahityabna@hotmail.com

URL: https://sapnaonline.com/gruhini-4718417

The book Gruhini – ಗೃಹಿಣಿ is written in Kannada. The book is divided into 9 sections or as we call in Kannada ಅಧ್ಯಾಯ.

The first section is about marriage and being a a home maker. This one lists all the items you for any social function we perform. For example what we need to bring for an engagement, what items to give for the bride, the groom, people who attend. A nice to have checklist. I am sure it will come very handy whether you are performing a thread ceremony for your son, engagement for your daughter, starting a new life with your spouse. Liked this section very much.

The second section is all about festivals. Not very detailed, but again gives you a list of all items you need to buy, how to arrange, for each and every important festival.

The third about making juices such as lemon, grape, tomato so on. Mainly focused on the oens which you drink before food.

Fourth section is all about food, mainly focused on lunch and dinner items such as soups, vegetables, sambar, rasam, chatni, sweet dishes. I haven’t tried any of them as of now, but will definitely post recipes as and when I prepare them.

Breakfast, evening snack, sweet and spicy dishes are covered in the 5th section.

Section 6 is again drinks and jams, and section 7 is international food such as breads, bun, muffin, cake, biscuits, ice cream and fruit salads. Interesting to try and find out how they turn. As you have seen, I am not a baker.

Section 8 is mostly health related tips and tricks.

And finally the last section is about how to stay happy. I skipped most of the food preparation pages and read these few pages. Couldn’t stop laughing reading a few stories about unhappy wives. The author does give a few nice tips and tricks to be happily married ever after. Only if men and women read this and actually work towards a happy married life.

As much time as I had skimming the book, it was interesting.

I would once again thank Mr.G P Sudhakar for sending me this book. Thanks, Sir and my Namaskaras to your Mother. Please convey to her my hearty congratulations for a great book she has shared with me and the community.

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